FAQs

Our mist sprayers use a high velocity air stream instead of water to transport the chemical to the targeted area being sprayed. The chemical is upmped through nozzles into the air stream creating a mist which envelops the targeted area being sprayed.

The nozzle size,number of nozzles, chemical concentration and pressure determine the amount of chemical to be delivered.

Hints:

  • Engage 540 rpm PTO shaft at a slower rpm and then increase the rpm to an operating speed of 540 rpm.
  • Keep the mist sprayer as level as possible.
  • Make sure PTO drive shaft is connected and that shields are in place.
  • Make sure fan rotation is correct. Be sure volute does not hit the frame.

 

Notice:

  • Keep nozzles, strainers, filters and hoses clean!
  • Always flush sprayer after each use. This will add to the life of the pump and is in accordance with regulations.
  • Never let concentrate and water freeze in the mist sprayer during cold weather.
  • Never let any pump run dry.
  • Keep children and all personnel away from the fan discharge area!
  • Not recommended for use with strong winds.

Before operation:

  • carefully read, study and understand the owner/operator’s manual for your mist sprayer and the gasoline engine operator’s manual,
  • check to make sure all guards and safety shields are in place and properly functioning,
  • be absolutely sure that there are no foreign objects or tools lying in or on the mist sprayer.
  • do not wear loose fitting clothing as it may catch in the PTO shaft or other moving parts,
  • make sure the mist sprayer is hitched or mounted correctly to the tractor or truck,
  • do not start the mist sprayer until your are sure everyone is clear of the machine and away from the volute,
  • inspect the flywheel and the blower wheel daily, any accumulation of foreign material and/or dirt may cause excessive vibrations or imbalance,
  • and clean thoroughly daily.

During operation:

  • keep hands, feet and clothing away from all moving parts, especially the PTO shaft and the air intake area of the fan,
  • do not step over or around the PTO shaft while the machine is running,
  • stay clear of the mist sprayer fan discharge area,
  • do not adjust, clean or lubricate your mist sprayer while it is running,
  • do not stand, sit or ride on the mist sprayer while it is running,
  • never leave any running mist sprayer unattended,
  • and do not wear loose clothing.

Wind speed is a major factor affecting distance and coverage. We do not recommend spraying in high wind conditions for any reason.

Wind velocities are lower and closer to the ground; therefore, careful attention to spraying is necessary to maintain uniform application.

Air is generally not as turbulent before sunrise and after sunset. Air tends to be the gustiest around mid-day. Air turbulence is determined by the difference between ground level temperatures and the temperature of the air above it. Average daytime heating of the soil causes the air nearest the soil surface to be warmer than the air aloft. Warmer air rises and is replaced by cooler air, creating air currents. Temperature differentials during early morning or late evenings are usually at its least. What this means is that the air near the soil mixing with the air above it is gentler. This is referred to as a slight lapse. Temperature differences increase after sunrise and the mix becomes more turbulent.

If the air is cooler near the soil surface, the warmer overhead air stays on top and no mixing occurs. This is known as inversion. If the ground air is 2-5 degrees cooler than the air above it and wind conditions are low, spray may remain suspended in the layer of cold, undisturbed air. We do not recommend spraying during inversion conditions.

Temperature and humidity also affect spraying and distance.

Before spraying it is best to locate sloping areas or other special areas that require extra precautions. Always follow label directions and precautions.

All spraying is affected by application equipment, weather conditions and spraying techniques. Spraying is also influenced by the herbicide formulations, size, density and evaporation times of the droplets. Certain formulations prevent the spray from reaching greater distances.

Droplet size affects spraying distance. Small droplets fall more slowly than do larger ones, therefore the smaller airborne droplets will reach farther. Sometimes smaller droplets are necessary for thorough coverage of dense foliage. If necessary, retreatment’s can be used to reach maximum control.

Temperature affects the rate at which evaporation changes the droplet size. Evaporation is greater on hot days resulting in smaller droplets. Water droplets evaporate faster than oil droplets. Oil droplets are lighter than water droplets and therefore tend to stay airborne longer. Oil is often added to a spray mixture as a sticking agent or surfactant.

Nozzle types and operating conditions influence droplet size as well. The angle of the spray pattern can also affect the size of the droplets. The angle of the volute is also a factor in the distance possible. It is important to note that spraying uphill will usually result in a decrease of distance sprayed.

Again, please read and follow label directions on all chemicals. Spraying equipment should be cleaned thoroughly after each use and especially when changing chemicals. For best results, cross contamination should be avoided so it is best to use separate tanks for herbicide, fungicide, insecticide and foliar fertilizing. If this is not possible, it is recommended you clean the tank and the entire line of equipment. The exterior and interior of the spray equipment should be cleaned regularly.

If you use chemicals at home or as part of your job follow these basic rules:

DO:

  • wear proper personal protective gear, including eyewear, gloves and respirator (if necessary),
  • work in well ventilated area and keep containers below eye level to minimize splashes to the face,
  • keep chemicals in original container and stored in locked area away from food and feed,
  • wash your hands and face after using chemicals,
  • wash contaminated clothing separately from other laundry.

DON’T:

  • guess at the amount of chemicals to mix or apply, follow instructions,
  • transport chemicals in a closed passenger vehicle or with food or feed,
  • keep food, beverages, tobacco, cups or cutlery new work areas,
  • rub eyes or touch your mouth with hands while working with chemicals,
  • spray near electrical power lines,
  • forget to shower with special attention to hair and fingernails, after using chemicals.

Chemical Safety Precautions

  • Always keep chemicals out of the reach of children, irresponsible people, livestock and pets. Always store industrial and agricultural chemicals away from your home, groundwater sources, feed and food products. When possible place under lock and key.
  • Please read the Manufacturer’s label with care. Always choose the correct industrial or agricultural chemical for your application. Remember, before opening any chemical container pay close attention to the Manufacturer’s warnings and cautions.
  • Always store chemicals in their original containers.
  • Never eat, drink, smoke or take medication while applying any chemicals.
  • Always avoid direct contact and inhalation of any chemical.
  • Avoid spills when possible. When and if a spill does occur please follow the Manufacturer’s decontamination procedures on their label.
  • Always avoid contamination of all water supplies.
  • Avoid chemical contamination of livestock, feed and water supplies when spraying chemicals. We recommend covering containers when possible.
  • Always bathe and change to clean clothing after every chemical application.
  • Never apply chemicals under any wind conditions which could create a chemical drift to a no-target area.
  • Always empty chemical containers and rinse 3 or 4 times before disposing of them. Always add the rinse to the mist sprayer tank and dispose of excess chemicals and their containers according to regulations to avoid chemical hazards to animals, environment and most importantly mankind.
  • Never enter the chemical application area! Always check requirements for the correct reentry time period.

Our mist sprayers are engineered and designed to provide maximum safety and efficiency to the chemical applicator. However, the user must exercise reasonable care when using the mist sprayer to achieve desired results.

Protect yourself and those around you by keeping pesticides and chemical residue away from others.

Wear personal protective equipment (PPE) and remove before coming into contact with others or places they will come in contact with like tractor cabs.

– Wear unlined, chemical resistant gloves.
– Clean and rinse gloves when finished.
– Wash hands thoroughly before eating or drinking.

Without bees your crops and gardens won’t produce.

To protect your crops and garden from insects and avoid killing bees

  • Identify what your pest problem is. Less than 1% of all the insects are harmful and IPM (Integrated Pest Management) has proved that treating only the problem insects saves time and money.
  • Try to find as many alternatives as possible. The world of insecticides is very complicated. Don’t be afraid to ask for help from a variety of people.
  • If you must use insecticide, please use the lowest effective dosage and make a minimum of applications. Stay away from dust-use spray.
  • Never spray any insecticide on blooming flowers even if they are in the grass or weeds.
  • Spray late in the afternoon after the bees have stopped working.
  • There are many other factors affecting bee populations more than insecticides, including parasites, malnutrition and disease. Nevertheless, we in production agriculture need to steward the products we use to minimize bee deaths.

You can do a great deal to keep mosquitoes from breeding by removing standing water from your yard. All it takes is cup of water to breed hundreds of mosquitoes. Any standing water found in your eaves troughs, puddles or old tires in your yard can produce a swarm of blood thirsty mosquitoes.

To join the fight against mosquitoes:

  • Get rid of containers in your yard that could collect rainwater, such as old cans, tires, pails or even tarps.
  • Tip over kids wading pools, buckets and toys when not in use so they can’t collect water.
  • Check for and remove any standing water found on flat roofs, tarps, containers, etc.
  • Ensure that your eaves troughs drain thoroughly; remove dead leaves and other debris which can clog the drainpipe.
  • Fill in low-lying areas where puddles appear.
  • Clean out bird baths regularly.
  • Cover rain barrels with a tight-fitting screen.
  • Add gold fish to your pond or ornamental pool.

Workers operating machinery in dusty conditions or handling toxic materials should take extra safety precautions by using a personal respirator rather than rely on thin paper masks. Little white masks that have flexible metallic strips to fit over your nose may provide a false sense of security as the user breathes in dusty air and particles around the mask’s edges. Exhaling and sweat dampen the mask and trap moist air inside. Personal respirators fit the face better and are more comfortable. Exhalation valves provide a one-way exit for warm, moist air. Unlike paper masks each breath is similar to the first.

Since dust is common to farming and has the potential to cause health problems, organic or toxic dusts may permanently impair a worker’s health. A standard painter’s mask will not protect you from old or grain dust. Farmer’s lung (allergic disease caused by breathing moldy dust) affects 2-10% of farmers depending on local conditions. Up to 40% may have had exposure to moldy dust.

Filter masks provide adequate protection from common agricultural molds, dusts and chaff; they cannot protect the wearer from agricultural gases. A self-contained breathing apparatus similar to those worn by firefighters is needed while working in oxygen deficient areas.

Farm workers may be exposed to potentially hazardous concentrations of aflatoxin B1 during bin cleanout or animal feeding in enclosed buildings. Aflatoxin carrying particles range from 7 microns down to a single micron. Look for HEPA filters that protect against spores and bacteria of that size.

Crops should be kept in good condition to avoid contamination. Hay and grain crops should be stored under conditions that do not lead to the development of mold. Automated handling and feeding systems could reduce exposure, wet down moldy dusty facilities to suppress dust during cleaning.

75 litres water
7.5 litres lemon scented ammonia
¼ litre lemon scented soap
¾ litre antiseptic mouthwash

This spray will repel mosquitoes for up to 21 days depending on the humidity/rain.

This is strictly a repellant. It kills on contact only.

Is Mosquito Barrier safe for my children and pets?

Yes! There are no poisons or harmful chemicals in Mosquito Barrier. Just 99.3% garlic juice with some food grade preservatives added.

Don’t spray your dog or cat. Instead, cut all tall grass and spray liberally on grass, shrubs, plants and tree trunks in the yard. Spray the yard completely. Also, be sure to spray the sides of buildings, tree trunks and wooden fence posts to a height of 6 feet. If there is a heavy infestation, repeat in 5 days and then every two weeks thereafter. That should be sufficient to keep the pests out of the yard.

Can I keep mosquitoes off my child by spraying her?

No. Mosquito Barrier does not work when sprayed on people to keep insects away. Mosquito Barrier only removes feeding areas.

Will eating garlic repel mosquitoes?

No. Many studies have been done on this subject. It has never been scientifically shown that eating garlic will repel mosquitoes. Spraying garlic on foliage does keep mosquitoes from the sprayed area however.

If I don’t use the entire Mosquito Barrier, will it stay good until next year?

Put the lid on tight, store it in a cool place and it should last for about two years. In a refrigerator at 40 degrees, it will last several years. Do not let it freeze.

Would installing a mosquito misting system be better than spraying Mosquito Barrier at sundown?

Mosquito misting systems generally are on a timer and are programmed to go off in the early morning, at sundown and in the early evening. Most spray a “solution” which kills bees, butterflies and other beneficial insects. On windy days, they can blow the “solution” onto your neighbor’s property. If your neighbors are allergic to the “solution”, you may be facing legal problems. Mosquito Barrier is best sprayed at sundown when no bees or butterflies are out. As well, if the wind blows – Mosquito Barrier won’t poison anyone or anything.

Why do you sometimes recommend a 2% solution and at other times recommend a 4% solution of Mosquito Barrier be sprayed?

With low mosquito activity and early in the season the 2% solution of Mosquito Barrier works fine. For heavier infestations, you may increase the strength anywhere from a 4% to 5% solution or more. Your best method would be to spray first with a 2% solution, if you still notice some infestation then increase the strength. Once under control, decrease the solution back to 2%.

Do I have to spray again if it rains?

Do not spray if rain is predicted for the next 24 to 48 hours. After spraying and having about a 48-hour dry-spell window the Mosquito Barrier will generally be okay even through 2 or 3 moderate rain showers. Best way to determine when to spray again is to watch for mosquitoes. If you see them returning – it’s time to spray again.

Is Mosquito Barrier harmful to beneficials like birds, bees, ladybugs and butterflies?

No, not at all. Birds, bees and ladybugs are not bothered by the garlic spray. Butterflies are not bothered by the garlic spray, regardless it is best to avoid insect stress by not spraying it on them directly.

I see several mosquito sprays for the yard that have Permethrin in them which is used to kill mosquitoes. Is it safe?

Permethrin has been licensed by the EPA since 1977 and has a few warnings in its use: It kills bees and fish and many beneficial insects. It cannot be sprayed near streams, lakes, fish ponds, etc. Many sellers of products containing this chemical are often shy about telling consumers about what all it kills aside from mosquitoes.

What makes your garlic product exceptional?

You may wish to read Dr. Larry D. Lawson’s analysis of Mosquito Barrier. He is a researcher for Silliken Laboratories, one of the largest analytical laboratories in the world. To see his report, visit http://www.mosquitobarrier.com/documents/MB_analysis_Silliker.pdf.

Will my horses be able to eat the grass sprayed with Mosquito Barrier?

Yes. Garlic does not bother horses at all. Some horse owners feed garlic (in liquid and solid forms) to their horses.

What is the best spray pattern to use?

Start at your house or main base then work out.  As you spray the Mosquito Barrier, you want to move the mosquitoes away from your premises, not trap them in. The objective is to treat mosquito adults’ daytime resting sites, so work FROM the house.

What can we as homeowners do to help reduce the risk?

Reduce any breeding sources, ex. standing water and damaged gutters. Removing harbourage sites prior to treatment (ex. leaf refuse).

What should our expectations be after spraying Mosquito Barrier?

A good spray job will suppress the mosquito populations well but may not be 100% elimination.

This suppression will reduce some disease risk but not all.

Simple as 1, 2, 3.
  1. Shake the bottle of Mosquito Barrier.
  2. Dilute with water.
  3. Spray your grass, shrubs, gardens and trees well.

Below are some additional tips that we’ve found make Mosquito Barrier work best:

  1. Get rid of all standing water, even the smallest amounts. Drain everything from flower pot saucers to eaves troughs. Spray 24 hours after rain and 48 hours before it is forecast to rain again. Turn off sprinkler systems, ideally for 48 hours after spraying. Cut the grass beforehand. Clean up organic debris in the area as well. Keep gutters in good repair.
  2. Shake the entire mixture very well (if you have a lot of standing water or very ‘hard’ water we recommend:
    Dilute by mixing 30ml of Mosquito Barrier per liter of water; add an equal amount of vegetable oil (canola or corn oil) and a little unscented dish soap, about 15 ml, to make everything blend.
    If adding soap and oil be very careful not to overspray onto non-porous surfaces as they may become slippery until dry.
  3. Spray: Start spraying from the house and work away from the house. When spraying grass with the wand on the end of your pump-up canister type sprayer, hold the wand nozzle about 20 cm/ 8” above the grass and sweep it back and forth. Make sure the spray gets deep into the grass and get the grass wet. Use a small spray droplet size, a fine to medium size mist (not large droplets or a very fine mist). Back pack sprayers are more practical for areas 1/4 of an acre or more. Mechanical sprayers are recommended for large areas.
  4. Spray all grass, shrubs and plants not just the perimeter of the property. Be sure to include shady places such as under porches/decks, in vents leading to basement or beneath the house, even spray sides of house, porches, driveways and areas that are not covered with grass, spray mud and into trees up to about 3-4 meters. Spray the shorelines of creeks or ponds (mosquitoes also breed in mud). Take note of extra mosquito activity when spraying certain areas. These areas need to be checked out and dealt with.
    Best spraying time is early morning or late in the afternoon 1 hour before sundown as there is less wind at this time and the sun is not at its highest peak.
    Important: Spray the bottom of foliage/leaves well as complete coverage is best. Insects love the bottom side of leaves as this is normally cooler and easier to penetrate for the plant’s juices. Start spraying from the house and spray to the outside of your property.
    Note: Spraying wood siding/decking may cause odour to last longer than a couple of hours.
  5. Use at least a 3-4% solution of the garlic (meaning at least 30-40 ml of Mosquito Barrier per liter of water). You may use more. Many of our professional spray people use 40 to 60 ml of garlic per liter of water. This does not harm plants or animals and works even better.
    If infestation exists, double up the amount of Mosquito Barrier. A second application may also be needed but it is important to wait at least 4-5 days before reapplying as the plant can only absorb so much.

Hard water may cause clogging. If you have hard water, try adding an ounce of liquid dish soap (non-detergent/non-scented) to each gallon of water to help emulsify the mixture.
For overnight cleaning we suggest using mild soapy water.
Leaving excess product in the tank overnight after dilution is not recommended.
Do not store in sunlight and do not let product freeze.
Mosquito Barrier can last for years if not used in the season you purchase it.

IMPORTANT: It is important that a minimum of 8 ounces/240 ml of Mosquito Barrier be applied to each 6,000 sq. ft. of yard (average city lot).
If you still have some spray material left over after spraying your yard, continuing your spraying until your mixture is completely used up.

How does Orange Guard Kill insects?

The active ingredient d-Limonene (orange peel extract) destroys the wax coating of the insect’s respiratory system. When applied directly, the insect suffocates.

How does Orange Guard repel insects?

The citrus fragrance of d-Limonene acts as a repellent.

May I spray Orange Guard on my kitchen counters?

Yes, without worry, no need to evacuate the house. Easy clean up with damp cloth or sponge. Remember to read and follow directions on the label. You may also spray it on tablecloths outdoors to repel flies.

Ants are crawling up my trees, can Orange Guard stop this?

Saturate the base of the tree including the earth around it. Check in a couple of days to see if they have returned. If they have, saturate again and try to follow trail to source and saturate.

There are large ants in my yard. They don’t come in my house or cause any problem in the garden. Should I exterminate them?

No, these ants are leaf cutters that are just doing their job cleaning your yard. They are endangered by the evil Argentinean Ants which are displacing them. When we lose our leaf cutting ants we also lose our horn toads which eat them. Horn toads do not eat Argentine ants because they are too small. Orange Guard has an 100% mortality rate in 15 minutes when sprayed on Argentine Ants (Sierra Research Labs 1997)

Ants are in my trash can. What can I do?

Orange Guard is a contact killer, so spray the visible ants until wet. Spray inside the can on stream setting, spraying the corners or edges and letting the Orange Guard run to the bottom. Also follow ant trail to source, or cracks and crevices, and saturate.

What are the inert ingredients in Orange Guard? Are they safe?

All ingredients in Orange Guard meet the food grade G.R.A.S. (generally recognized as safe) standard set by the FDA. Orange Guard is water based, with a natural emulsifier, which is proprietary.

May I spray my carpeting?

Yes, as a prewash spray for fleas. Steam clean carpet after treatment.

How safe is Orange Guard?

Orange Guard is a water-based insecticide. All ingredients in Orange Guard meet the G.R.A.S. (generally recognized as safe) standard set by FDA. d-Limonene is approved by the FDA as a food additive, and is found in products such as fruit cakes, cleaners, degreasers, air fresheners and pet shampoos. Orange Guard is 100% biodegradable and water-soluble. Orange Guard is listed by the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI).

Is there a complete list of insects that Orange Guard’s active ingredient controls?

No. The PMRA calls d-Limonene a broad-based insecticide. This includes house flies, cluster flies, cockroaches, fleas & ants.

What affects the duration of Orange Guard’s repelling effect?

Exposure shortens the life of the repellency. Orange Guard repels best in cracks and crevices and works when the surface is absorbent and saturated.

What if insects return after using Orange Guard?

Try to find source of infestation and re-apply Orange Guard.

Are there any temperature restrictions for storing and using Orange Guard?

Orange Guard can be stored at normal room temperatures and can be applied at any temperature. Do not boil or freeze.

Will Orange Guard stain cement?

Orange Guard is entirely water-soluble. Any marks left on cement should rinse clean with water.

Can I spray Orange Guard on my pets?

We are not labeled for spraying pets. You may spray pet bedding to control fleas. Horse owners have sprayed down their horses for fly control. Always avoid eyes.